For a relatively small ecosystem in Baltic Sea, pollution became a major problem, but with the recent rescue and emission restrictions, the situation has slightly improved. Unlike the massive oceans. Hundreds of people have poured their waste into the sea, thinking that its magnitude compensated the debris and chemicals thrown there. As a dominant system it could hide a growing problem for a long time, but in recent years, world realized that things have to change to be able to save the blue waters.
Images from exotic beaches on the other side of the world have presented the white sand and clear waters, but the problem expands those pictures and introduces beaches full of contaminated waste, where people would not like to spend their vacation. The deaths of coral reefs have been known for several years, but the solution to the problem still cannot be found. The ocean’s rotation causes waste and other hazardous materials to drift overtime far from original site and universal protection programs are difficult to achieve.
The United Nations has been aware of the problem for more than 50 years and in the West the issue has been fought with a firm hand. However, it does not help in a comprehensive way, as the countries of Asia and Africa still pours waste directly to the sea. Moreover, the infrastructure does not hinder the further chemicals and waste coming into the sea due to the pouring problem inland.
Plastic waste is one of the biggest threats to the seas and if you are buying plastic bottles of water in countries where recycling is not yet the norm, you can be almost certain that empty bottles will end up in the sea. Western plastic bags have been curbed by placing a price on them. The EU is considering a directive that restricts the use of plastic bags throughout the Union. Kenya and Rwanda have forbidden the manufacture and use of plastic bags altogether and the law enforces real sanctions.
The Pacific ocean is a gigantic wasteland that is almost entirely made up of plastic. It was found in the early 90s and since then has continued to grow. It is equivalent to the three French sized regions. Almost 79, 000 tons of plastic rocks rotate as one large pile of seawater between Hawaii and California.
Approximately 12.2 million tons of plastic per year reaches the seas. Plastic waste is a growing problem in the Philippines and, more broadly, in Asia. It is estimated that 60 percent of the plastic waste is coming to the sea from China, Vietnam, Sri Lanka.
Microfiber is almost impossible to remove from the sea or lakes where it is found. The United States and Great Britain have now banned products which have microfibers, like shower gels or peeling stones which are very damaging and can be found in drinking water, so you can just imagine what it does for the oceans ecosystem. You have to be more careful nowadays not just by thinking not to throw something into the ocean but by enjoying your free time in the water or at the beach because of the waste that can be found in the sand and “clear waters”.